The hottest IBM smart earth question is innovation

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IBM smart earth question: is it innovation or conspiracy

ibm smart earth has been pushed to the forefront of public opinion again recently, but this time it is not the foresight in building the IOT industrial chain, but the potential threat to China's national information security that may exist

the origin of the matter is the speech made by LiYiZhong, Minister of industry and information technology, at the 2010 economic and trade situation report meeting on April 9, 2010: we should be enlightened and vigilant about foreign new ideas and strategies. At that time, Li Yizhong was talking about the development prospects of emerging industries such as 3G and IOT, but he suddenly put forward this kind of warning, pointing at the IBM smart earth that is being promoted by governments all over China

during the second round of the China US strategic and economic dialogue last week, a book entitled "understanding and thinking of IBM's smart earth" published in September 2009 was also turned out, and the potential threat of IBM's smart earth was further raised to the political level. The report made by the software and integrated circuit Promotion Center (CSIP) of the Ministry of industry and information technology holds the following views: the smart earth can greatly improve efficiency, but the United States tries to use its information network technology to control the economies of various countries. When developing strategic emerging industries, China must be vigilant and not be controlled by others. Is this really the case

the Ministry of industry and information technology is worried about its impact on national information security

it is understood that the software and integrated circuit Promotion Center (CSIP) of the Ministry of industry and information technology is a public institution directly under the Ministry of industry and information technology, which is responsible for the construction of the national software and integrated circuit public service platform, and also shoulders the role of the government decision support platform. The reason why he drafted the report "understanding and thinking of IBM's smart earth" is that after the introduction of the 4trillion investment plan last year, IOT quickly became a hot spot of social concern, and IBM just launched the concept of smart earth, so it was selected as the first batch of research samples. In this 8500 word research, the concept of IBM smart earth has also been highly recognized. The report points out that the concept of smart earth has certain reference value for China's industrial and information development and even social and economic development, and is consistent with the essence of the two modernizations currently under way in China. However, the report also expressed concern that the foundation of China's industrial economic recovery is not solid, and issues such as enterprise development and labor employment still need the support of national policies and funds. These areas that IBM is concerned about are key industries with rich resources, abundant funds and related to the national economy and the people's livelihood. If IBM obtains large-scale project resources in this regard by virtue of the smart earth, China will be consumed by IBM's high value-added products, which will seriously weaken China's support for domestic enterprises and affect the implementation effect of China's economic stimulus plan

the deeper reason for this worry is that IBM is unmatched in the key technologies of the smart earth. The report points out that IBM has a leading edge in the core technologies related to the smart earth, such as sensor network, cloud computing, supercomputing, software service, data integration and mining, and has built an information technology ecological environment without competitors with the help of patent protection. Therefore, after large-scale promotion, it will cause the situation that the relevant domestic markets will be subject to IBM

in fact, this situation is already unfolding. Since February 24, 2009, IBM proposed that the smart earth win in China, and launched targeted services in the six major fields of power, medical care, cities, transportation, supply chain (logistics) and banking, it has rapidly promoted them in various channels in China, and successfully achieved the goal of raiding cities and lands. In August 2009, IBM signed a memorandum of strategic cooperation with the Department of information industry of Guangdong Province, Build Guangzhou into a world-class smart city. A month later, it reached a strategic cooperation agreement with Shenyang municipal government to build an ecological Shenyang and a smart city. Since then, IBM has successively joined hands with Kunshan, Beijing, Chongqing and other cities. In addition, in many industries such as finance and tobacco, IBM has penetrated deeply

in fact, the threat of the smart earth is just a repetition of the old tune. In fact, such threats have always existed, not only in the emerging IOT, but also in the traditional Internet, but we have gradually ignored them because of our habits. An industry expert even said so when talking about the questionable event of the smart earth. The expert said that at present, in the domestic Internet related industrial chain, the CPU and operating system in the infrastructure are almost controlled by American companies. Intel, Microsoft and other companies have also been repeatedly questioned in the past years. For example, the back door problem of Microsoft operating system has also been raised to the Perspective of national security: not only China, but also other countries around the world have felt this threat to information security, Moreover, this threat is also gradually increasing with the evolution of Internet technology to the IOT. The real-time display of this experimental speed and the sub intelligent earth event are just a concentrated release of this concern

IOT applications still need independent breakthroughs

like the chip and operating system problems in the PC field, the emerging IOT industry represented by the smart earth, even if there is an information security threat, the only way to completely eliminate this risk is to rely on independent innovation. According to Xingtao, Deputy Secretary General of the sensor network national standards working group, research in the field of wireless sensing began in China as early as the 1990s. In 2004, China began to carry out standardization research in the military and civilian fields. Since last year, China has actively promoted industrialization. Especially after Premier Wen Jiabao of the State Council visited Wuxi micro nano sensing engineering technology research and development center of the Chinese Academy of Sciences on August 7, 2009, and instructed that China's perception China Center should be rapidly established in Wuxi, the domestic IOT related industrialization has rapidly heated up. The three major operators, radio and television, state television and even a number of enterprises in the industrial chain, and the governments of Shanghai, Wuxi, Suzhou, Jiaxing and Chongqing have issued their own plans or strategies

however, it should be noted that although there have been many applications in the IOT industry in China, in the core and basic chips, sensors and other fields, it is still the world of foreign manufacturers. China has few independent core intellectual property rights, and most of the relevant manufacturers have launched integrated solutions, that is, software application development based on the purchase of foreign hardware, Few enterprises have carried out in-depth basic R & D and production

according to the report of understanding and thinking of IBM smart earth, "printed materials" 1 are stacked layer by layer according to 3D image data. It shows that China's information industry currently lacks core patents. Foreign enterprises with semiconductor patents accounted for 85%, and foreign enterprises with electronic components, special equipment, instruments and equipment patents accounted for 70%. The proportion of foreign enterprises in radio transmission is as high as 93%, and foreign enterprises in mobile communication and transmission equipment account for 91% and 89%. According to industry estimates, it will take more than five years for domestic enterprises to catch up with the technology gap with international giants. It may take longer if they want to achieve full autonomy from the basic core equipment

in addition to the relatively backward technical defects, with the exception of the 2017 recovery rate target of 47% for plastic, 35% for wood, 90% for glass, 90% for paper and carton, and 85% for metal, China's IOT industrial chain enterprises are scattered and unable to form a large-scale advantage against international giants such as IBM, which is also an urgent practical problem to be solved. According to industry experts, at present, most of the IOT market in China is still in the state of vertical segmentation. Whether it is sensors or related applications, the types are complex, and the segmentation scale is too small to support the R & D investment of enterprises. It is often in a deadlock that large companies are unwilling to invest, and small companies cannot afford to invest. In this regard, the above experts said that this situation requires the state to issue certain supporting policies and long-term plans, especially to establish a unified framework in terms of technical standards, which can not only form a joint force, but also have a certain supporting effect on state-owned related enterprises, so as to strive for more ample time for them to catch up with international giants. According to the person, China's experience in adhering to WAPI independent standards in the wireless local area market is very worthy of reference

it is understood that as early as 2006, the national beacon committee had established a sensor standard research project team to carry out research on sensor network standards. Last year, it completed the preparation of the sensor standardization working group and launched the formulation of national standards in eight areas. Up to now, more than 70 institutions and enterprises in China have participated in the sensor standardization working group. At the first plenary meeting of the sensor network international standards working group (WGSN) held in London, UK on March 25 this year, the proposal of sensor collaborative information processing standard submitted by China has passed the vote and was officially approved. First establish the standards, and then achieve independent breakthroughs in key areas related to the standards, so that it is possible to take some initiative in the future development tide of IOT. A senior enterprise official who joined the working group on sensor standardization said so

noun explanation

what is a smart earth

ibm's smart earth strategy is mainly to make full use of the new generation of IT technology in all walks of life. That is, sensors are embedded and equipped in various objects such as electricity, railways, bridges, tunnels, highways, buildings, water supply systems, dams, oil and gas pipelines, and are generally connected to form the so-called IOT. And integrate IOT through supercomputer and cloud computing to realize the integration of human society and physical systems. On this basis, human beings can manage production and life in a more refined and dynamic way, so as to achieve a state of wisdom

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